What do a bathhouse sex party and the thirty years’ war have in common?
Yes, we do talk about castle Sigmaringen, which rose from a medieval castle to a modern princely residence. It’s unknown by whom and when it was built. But considering its strategically favorable position, it’s save to assume that the location was used as a base long before the castle’s first mention in 1077.
In 1077, the lord of the castle, whose name is not known, was closely associated with King Henry IV, who was banned from church a year earlier. King Henry achieved the dissolution of the papal ban through his legendary walk to Canossa in 1077.
Meanwhile some nobles seized the opportunity and elected Rudolf of Swabia as their counter-king. Rudolf besieged the castle, but failed to take it.
There are no records about how castle Sigmaringen looked at the time of the siege in 1077. In the 12th century however, the castle consisted of only four buildings that were protected by a curtain wall: Living quarters, kitchen, keep and gatekeeper house.
Those days, the main purpose of a castle was to provide protection from enemy attacks. Comfort was irrelevant, and most castles had only a few, dark and poorly heatable, small rooms.
The medieval style castle remained until the Werdenberg acquired Sigmaringen in 1459. The counts of Werdenberg were the first who started to remodel castle Sigmaringen into a more comfortable and prestigious palace. Over the centuries, Castle Sigmaringen was owned by various ruling families: Spitzberg, Montfort, Habsburg, Württemberg, Werdenberg and Hohenzollern. It remains the ancestral seat of house Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen since 1535.
Count Eberhard III of Württemberg, a.k.a. the Mild, pawned the castle to his friend and confidant Count Eberhard of Werdenberg in 1399 In 1428, Johann, son of Count Eberhard of Werdenberg, run away and secretly married Elisabeth, daughter of Eberhard III of Württemberg. Of course without the permission of the bride’s father. It’s unknown if the marriage was purely out of love, but it was for sure a clever move of the Werdenberg, as it enabled them to buy castle and county Sigmaringen in 1459.
Elisabeth of Württemberg was supposed to marry Duke Albrecht of Bavaria, who, apparently, wasn’t that sad about the busted wedding. He had an affair with a woman named Agnes Bernauer, a barber’s daughter, which he married four years later. Now there are tow things we need to consider:
But back to Agnes; In 1435, after Duke Albrecht was lured out of the city, Agnes was accused of witchcraft and was drowned in the Danube. Turned out that not even her wealthy and influential husband could save her from the hysteria of the fanatic underclass society.
One day around 1500 count Felix of Werdenberg and his lover Leonora were having fun in the palace’s bathhouse.
Leonora must have been quite charming. She kept both Felix and his brother Christoph under her spell. Rumor has it that the two brothers happily shared her.
So one day, the two, or maybe even the three of them, were busy enjoying each other. Too busy to notice a fire breaking out in the bathhouse. At the end, the bathhouse and a second building burned down. It seems Leonora was quite a hottie… Quite literally! 😉
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On 5th of March 1633, half way through the thirty years’ war (1618 – 1648), Swedish troups burned down the upper floors of the castle’s east wing. Up until then, the area around Sigmaringen was spared from the cruelties of the War. But the remaining 15 years the war raged on, Sigmaringen got hit all the harder by devastation, plundering and violence. Two years after the war ended, the City of Sigmaringen had only 85 taxpaying citizens left. And so it took til 1658 until the repair of the damage done by the Swedish troops was started.
Which leads us to the solution of the introduction riddle: What do a bathhouse sex party and the thirty years’ war have in common? Each of them partially burned down Castle Sigmaringen.
Castle Sigmaringen houses a small but impressive arms museum. Roughly around 3000 rare pieces show the development of weaponry from the 14th to the 20th century. It’s a beautiful collection!
Oh, and don’t forget to try a piece of the original Hohenzollern cake, a in rum soaked local specialty.
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